Town Public Water System Annual Report

Public Water System Annual Report




Name of the Public Water System:                         Gillam Public Water System


Name of the legal owner:                             Town of Gillam


Contact person:                                             Jackie Clayton, Chief Administrative Officer

                                                                        Jesse Taylor, Manager of Water Works


Phone:                                                            (204) 652-3150








Water System’s Emergency number:         (204) 652-3171


Names of Operators:                                     Jesse Taylor Class IIII Operator

                                                                        John Friesen Class II Operator

                                                                        Howard Kirkness Class II Operator

                                                                        Steven Beardy Class II Operator 


Phone during business hours:                     Water Treatment Plant: (204) 652-3171

                                                                        Town of Gillam Office: (204) 652-3150







Date prepared: February 2, 2017






Jackie Clayton, C.M.M.A.

Chief Administrative Officer

Town of Gillam







Description of the Water System


The Town of Gillam Water System provides potable drinking water to a population of 1317 residents (2011 Census) as well as several bulk water customers and numerous visitors to the community.


Treated water produced from the water treatment plant meets all health and aesthetic objectives as stated in the Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality.


Water Supply Source


The primary source of water for the Town of Gillam is Stephen Lake. The pumping station, located at Pump House Beach, was retrofitted with new pumps and controls in 1997. Raw water to the Water Treatment Plant is pumped by two 50HP electric pumps.

In the event of a power failure this pump house has a 120HP diesel pump that can be started to supply water to the Water Treatment Plant.


The secondary source of water for the Town of Gillam is the Kettle River. In 1997 new controls were installed with number 1 pump replaced in 2007 and number 2 pump replaced earlier this year. Both pumps are electric 15HP.


Water Treatment Process


The Water Treatment Plant is designed to treat raw water for the removal of color, odor, taste, turbidity, micro-organisms, and other impurities to provide a high quality effluent for potable and domestic use.


The plant combines the advanced design feature of high rate filtration with the time proven principles of flash mixing, coagulation and dissolved air flotation prior to filtration.


The treatment process is completely automatic, gravity flow operation incorporating: a flash mixer, two stage variable speed mechanical flocculator, dissolved air flotation ( DAF) and two rapid gravity filters composed of sand and coal media.


The Gillam water treatment process contains two treatment trains. Each train consists of a DAF unit and two rapid gravity filters followed by chlorination, fluoridation and pH control.


Distribution System


Water is supplied to the distribution system by three 50HP pumps located on the ground floor of the Water Treatment Plant. In the event of a power failure there is a 200HP diesel generator that starts automatically providing power to run the DAF’s and distribution pumps until Hydro power is restored.


In the event of a fire, where a great volume of water is needed, there is a stand-by 120HP fire pump in the Water Treatment Plant.


Storage Reservoir


There is one treated water reservoir with a capacity of 1,409,287 liters (310,000 imperial gallons).


Classification and Certification


Under the Water and Wastewater Facility Operators Regulation our operators are required to be certified to the same classification level of the water treatment facility.


- Class III Water Treatment Facility Classification

- Certification Level of Operators:

·        Jesse Taylor Class IIII Operator

·        Dino Friesen Class II Operator

·        Howard Kirkness Class II Operator

-         Steven Beardy Class II Operator


Disinfection System in Use


The final step in the treatment of safe water is disinfection. Disinfection is the selective destruction or inactivation of potential disease causing organisms in water. As per the Drinking Water Safety Act the Town of Gillam must ensure that a disinfectant residual of at least:

·        0.5 mg of free chlorine per litre of water is detectible at the point where water enters the distribution system, after a minimum contact time of 20 minutes.

·        0.1 mg of free chlorine per litre of water is detectible at all times at any point in the distribution network.


Type of disinfection system used


The Town of Gillam disinfects using 12% sodium hypochlorite (liquid chlorine) in 114kg drums.


Equipment redundancy and monitoring requirements


As required by the Drinking Water Safety Act the Town of Gillam ensures continuous disinfection is maintained at the plant by keeping in stock all spare parts required for the chlorinator.


Disinfectant residual overall performance / results


Disinfectant residuals are monitored daily at the water treatment plant and bi-weekly in the distribution system and recorded on the appropriate monitoring forms. Monthly chlorination report forms are sent to the regional Drinking Water Officer at the end of each month.



Bacteriological Monitoring and Reporting


The Town tests for total coliform and E coli bacteria every two weeks. In 2017 the system was 100% compliant with Bacteria sampling frequency requirements and 100% compliant with Bacteria sampling results.


Physical Monitoring and Reporting


Turbidity is a measurement of the clarity of water. We use turbidity to tell us how well our treatment system is working and to remove particles and other contaminants that can cause the water to look cloudy and affect our disinfection processes. Turbidity is tested daily as the raw water enters the treatment facility and after each filter.


The filters at the water treatment plant are not meeting provincial standards. Engineering plans will address upgrading our system to meet provincial standards.


Disinfection By-products Monitoring and Reporting


Trihalomethanes (THMs) are formed when chlorine reacts with naturally occurring organic matter in the water. Studies have shown a link between high levels of THMs and cancer. For that reason the province has set a health based standard for THMs of 100 micrograms per litre of water. The THM standard is based on an average of four samples per year.

List of Water Quality Standards


Quality Standard

Total coliform

0 total coliform bacteria detectable per 100 ml in all treated and distributed water

E. Coli

0 E. Coli bacteria detectable per 100 ml in all treated and distributed water

Chlorine residual

-a free chlorine residual of at least 0.5 mg/l in water entering the distribution system following a minimum contact time of 20 minutes

-a free chlorine residual of at least 0.1 mg/l at all times at any point in the water distribution system


-less than or equal to 0.3 NTU in 95% of the measurements in a month of the effluent from each operating filter

-not exceed 0.3 NTU for more than 12 consecutive hours of filter operation

-not exceed 1.0 NTU for any continuous measurement



Water Chemistry Analyses


The Gillam Public Water System performs daily and bi-weekly, quarterly and annual tests in order to ensure compliance with regulations.


Below is a summary of the results.





Sampling frequency met

Samples met standards


0 Total Coliform/100 mL




0 E.coli/100 mL



Chlorine (leaving WTP)

0.5 mg/L



Chlorine (distribution)

0.1 mg/L




0.3 NTU*




0.1 mg/L








0.01 mg/L

<0.00005 mg/L



1.5 mg/L

0.700 mg/L


Nitrate & Nitrite

10 mg/L

<0.0010 mg/L



0.006 mg/L

<0.00017 mg/L



0.01 mg/L

0.00045 mg/L



1.0 mg/L

0.0289  mg/L



5 mg/L

0.025 mg/L



0.005 mg/L




0.05 mg/L

<0.00010 mg/L



0.05 mg/L

<0.000061 mg/L



0.02 mg/L

<0.000019 mg/L


* NTU (nephlometric turbidity units)